Phoenix Mecano AG History
CH-8260 Stein am Rhein
Telephone: 41 (0)43 255 4 255
Fax: 41 (0)43 255 4 256
Incorporated: 1975 as Phoenix Maschinentechnik AG
Sales: SFr 319.84 million ($371.84 million) (2002)
Stock Exchanges: Zurich
Ticker Symbol: PM
NAIC: 326199 All Other Plastics Product Manufacturing; 332116 Metal Stamping; 334413 Semiconductor and Related Device Manufacturing; 334419 Other Electronic Component Manufacturing; 335931 Current-Carrying Wiring Device Manufacturing
Market leadership: Phoenix Mecano AG has gained a leading position worldwide with its innovative products. Phoenix Mecano aims to maintain and extend the lead already attained. Growth: Phoenix Mecano AG is committed to steady growth while maintaining a solid financial foundation. Scope: Phoenix Mecano AG operates at the interface between man and machinery. It has a reputation for distinctive solutions acknowledged by the market to set new trends. Initiative: It has a decentralized structure which facilitates quick decisions. It responds to market requirements, market changes and market opportunities before the competition. It strives to prevail over its rivals and over complacency within its own ranks.
- Phoenix Maschinentechnik AG is founded.
- Hartmann is acquired.
- The company is renamed Phoenix Mecano AG.
- Shares begin trading on the Zurich Stock Exchange.
- Production commences in Hungary.
- The purchase of GU Hartmann expands Phoenix into Tunisia.
- Phoenix invests in a Romanian tool and molds business.
- Phoenix records its first annual loss in company history.
- The company reaps the benefits of its restructuring program.
Phoenix Mecano AG produces a variety of electrotechnical and mechanical components. The company has divisions producing Enclosures, or housings, for electronic devices (fabricated from plastic, aluminum, and fiberglass); Electromechanical Components (including terminals and connector systems); Mechanical Components (sensors, industrial clamps, mechanical parts); and Electronic Contract Manufacturing (of telecommunication and medical technology devices). Mechanical Components, with 39 percent of 2002 revenues, is the largest division. The company prides itself on paying attention to the oft-neglected design of commonplace components. Customers include producers of machinery, electronics, and medical equipment. Most sales come from Europe, with Germany accounting for more than 40 percent. The family of Dr. H. Christian Goldkamp holds a 29 percent stake in the company.
The company's history can be traced back to 1975, with the formation of Phoenix Maschinentechnik AG. Its first line of business was producing welding gases. Company leaders soon spotted an opportunity in producing welding torches as well.
Phoenix Mecano, which was based in Stein am Rhein, Switzerland, soon bought Rose Elektrotechnik GmbH und Co KG, a West German manufacturing company. It would make more than a dozen acquisitions in the next 15 years, including Alexander Binzel und Co., a producer of industrial gases.
In the 1980s, the company specialized in manufacturing metal containers, and supplying welding and technical gases. Annual turnover in the middle of the decade (1986) was SFr 111.8 million, producing a net profit of SFr 5.5 million.
Public in 1988
To reflect its wider focus, the company was renamed Phoenix Mecano AG in 1986. The Zurich stock market began listing the company's shares in September 1988. The Goldkamp family, including Chairman Hermann Goldkamp, owned 30 percent of the company.
During the year, Phoenix had acquired a controlling interest in RK Rose + Krieger, a maker of terminal components, assembly systems, and other mechanical components. In 1989, PTR, a producer of plug connectors and terminal clamps, was acquired.
Turnover rose 19 percent to SFr 203 million in fiscal 1990. While the casing technology division accounted for about 70 percent of sales; the electromechanical and mechanical components division reported the strongest growth, up 70 percent. During the year, Phoenix Mecano had sold off welding technology units in North America, reducing the importance of that sector. The company employed more than 900 people in 14 subsidiaries; the holding company had a staff of just three.
Kundisch, a SFr 9 million producer of keyboards, was acquired in 1991. The next year the company bought Dewert, which made linear drives and had sales of SFr 50 million a year.
Strategic Acquisitions in the 1990s
Apart from an office furniture venture started in the early 1990s, the company had chosen a path that would suit it well throughout the decade. It was acquiring manufacturers of components that larger companies overlooked, at the same time devoting its attention to adding value and innovation.
By this time, Phoenix had acquired Bopla Gehäuse Systeme GmbH, a maker of enclosures to complement its Rose Elektrotechnik GmbH und Co KG subsidiary, which was bought in the mid-1970s. It also had bought a company called Hartmann, which produced coding switches; this subsidiary's sales reached SFr 15.4 million in 1992.
Longtime director Peter E. Rued was appointed to the newly created position of president in October 1992. Phoenix Mecano acquired Budapest's PTR Magyar Kft in August 1992. A manufacturing plant was established in Hungary the next year. This would become Phoenix Mecano's most important production facility. Located southeast of Budapest at Kecskemet, it employed 670 people by 1999. A variety of components, including plastic casings and electric motors, were assembled there.
By 1995, turnover had reached SFr 316 million, which produced a SFr 30 million net profit. The Casings division accounted for a little less than half of sales; next largest was mechanical components, followed by electromechanical, both of which were increasing in importance.
A German inductive components producer, Bauelemente Götz-Udo Hartmann Group, was acquired in 1998. GU Hartmann, which had a factory in Tunisia, had sales of more than DM 15 million a year.
Phoenix Mecano acquired the remaining shares (26 percent) of RK Rose + Krieger toward the end of 1998. By this time the unit, which produced mechanical modules, had annual sales of SFr 50 million, making it one of Phoenix Mecano's biggest units.
The company's U.S. unit, Phoenix Mecano Inc., acquired a former Kinney Shoe plant in West Virginia in 1999, reconfiguring it to produce electrical components. Phoenix Mecano acquired an 80 percent interest in a Romanian tool and molds business in December of that year. The business was a part of the state-owned company Flaro of Hermannstadt (Sibio). It had 70 employees. Phoenix Mecano aimed to benefit from Romania's much lower labor costs; the group had a total of 700 employees in Hungary. The Flaro unit was renamed Phoenix Mecano Mould after the purchase.
Telecom Investments in 2000
Phoenix Mecano management then perceived a growing need for electronics enclosures in the telecommunications industry. OMP Officina Meccanica di Precisione S.R.L., an Italian manufacturer of casings for telecom infrastructure, was acquired in July 2000. OMP had 200 employees at the time; 1999 turnover was SFr 50 million.
In October 2000, the company acquired France's Twinbay S.A., which had 42 employees. Consolidated sales rose more than 22 percent in 2000.
Phoenix Mecano acquired a 30 percent interest in Hartmann Elektronik GmbH in January 2001. Hartmann Elektronik produced backplanes, or circuit boards for rack-mounted electronics. It had 26 employees and sales of EUR 5.7 million. Phoenix Mecano acquired the remaining 70 percent of Hartmann Elektronik shares in April 2002.
Phoenix Mecano posted a EUR 5.0 million (SFr 8 million) profit on consolidated gross turnover of EUR 342 million in 2001. Phoenix Mecano cut 400 jobs during the year. The company then had 4,000 employees; 1,400 were located in Germany. Hungary and Romania accounted for another 900.
Phoenix was by far the European market leader in standard aluminum, plastic, and fiberglass casings; machine control panels and suspension arm systems; clamping components; and coding switches. Phoenix also dominated the world market for twin linear drives for beds and slatted bed frames.
After nine years as managing director, Peter E. Rued resigned in October 2001 due to disagreements over the company's strategic direction. He was replaced by Benedikt Goldkamp, son of Chairman H. Christian Goldkamp, who was guiding a restructuring of the company. The electronic contract manufacturing arm was most affected. The restructuring program cost EUR 9 million (SFr 13 million).
Posting Its First Loss in 2002
Phoenix Mecano opened a new HUF 1.5 billion facility in central Hungary in March 2002. The Hungarian subsidiary, which had annual sales of HUF 17 billion, then employed 820 people; the new site added another 100 jobs. By this time, Phoenix Mecano also had begun to tap Asia's low-cost labor market as well, setting up a facility in Shanghai to produce electrotechnical components for southeast Asian markets.
Phoenix Mecano posted the first annual loss in its history in 2002, as consolidated turnover fell 5.3 percent to EUR 324 million. This resulted in a net loss of EUR 38.3 million (SFr 56 million) versus a EUR 5 million profit the previous year. Turnover was down in all four divisions: Enclosures, Electrotechnical Components, Mechanical Components, and Electronics Contract Manufacturing. Management attributed the loss to terrible global economic conditions and the writing off of goodwill.
Management's optimism for 2003 appeared justified by the end of the first nine months of the year. Continued positive results were anticipated for 2004.
Principal Subsidiaries: Bopla Gehäuse Systeme GmbH (Germany); Dewert GmbH + Co. KG (Germany); Götz-Udo Hartmann GmbH + Co. KG; Hartmann Elektronik GmbH (Germany); IPES Industria de Produtos e Equipamentos de Solda Ltda. (Brazil); Kundisch Electronic GmbH + Co. KG; OMP Officina Meccanica di Precisione S.R.L. (Italy); Phoenix Mecano Digital Elektronik GmbH (Germany); Phoenix Mecano Electronic GmbH (Germany); Phoenix Mecano Finance Ltd. (U.K.); Phoenix Mecano Management AG; Phoenix Mecano Trading AG; PTR Messtechnik GmbH + Co. KG (Germany); RK Rose + Krieger GmbH + Co. KG (Germany); Rose Gehäusetechnik GmbH (Germany); Rose Systemtechnik GmbH + Co. KG (Germany).
Principal Divisions: Enclosures; Electrotechnical Components; Mechanical Components; Electronics Contract Manufacturing.
Principal Competitors: Elma Electronic AG.
- "Boitiers et composants: Phoenix Mecano dans le rouge en 2002," SDA--Service de base français, March 17, 2003.
- "Desmond Harvey Quits Phoenix Mecano to Join AB Abtech," Electronics Times, November 7, 1991, p. 2.
- "Developpement Composants et boitiers; Nette progression du benefice pour Phoenix Mecano sur neuf mois," SDA--Service de base français, November 6, 2003.
- "FAZ Profiles Phoenix Mecano AG," Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, September 8, 1990, p. 14.
- "Nouvelle strategie de croissance pour Phoenix Mecano; Acquisition imminente dans le secteur des telecommunications," SDA--Service de base français, May 15, 2000.
- "Phoenix Mecano acquiert une entreprise roumaine," SDA--Service de base français, December 21, 1999.
- "Phoenix Mecano AG Plans to Go Public Some Time in 1988," Neue Zuercher Zeitung, June 18, 1988, p. 18.
- "Phoenix Mecano Creates Conditions for Better 2003," Hugin, March 17, 2003.
- "Phoenix Mecano Expands," Neue Zuercher Zeitung, July 28, 2000, p. 12.
- "Phoenix Mecano in Romanian Tools, Moulds Deal," Reuters News, December 21, 1999.
- "Phoenix Mecano on Course for Success (Phoenix Mecano auf Erfolgskurs)," Neue Zurcher Zeitung, p. 14.
- "Phoenix Mecano Opens Plant in Kecskemet," Hungarian News Agency (MTI), March 21, 2002.
- "Phoenix Mecano Takes Over German Subsidiary Completely (Phoenix Mecano Ubernimmt Deutsche Tochter Ganz)," Neue Zurcher Zeitung, January 26, 1999, p. 14.
- "Phoenix Mecano 2002: First Posted Loss Since the Company Was Founded--Prospects for 2003 Remain Intact," Hugin, April 30, 2003.
- Richenberger, Hans, "Phoenix Mecano mit ungebrochener Dynamik; Konsequente Produktionsverlagerungen und Marktausweitungen," Neue Zuercher Zeitung, Mai 14, 1996.
- "Swiss Phoenix Mecano Plant Proves Successful," Neue Zuercher Zeitung, October 27, 1999, p. 12.
- "Tough Times for Phoenix Mecano (Phoenix Mecano traverse la phase la plus delicate de son histoire)," L'Agefi Suisse, October 30, 2001, p. 15.
Source: International Directory of Company Histories, Vol.61. St. James Press, 2004.