Bottled Water Manufacturer Business Plan
SPARKLING HORIZON BOTTLED WATER
Wichita, KS 67207
Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water's business plan contains valuable financial information. Check out the Projected Cash Flow tables for the first three years of operation. The plan's owner has also included a Projected Balance Sheet and a Projected Income Statement, both of which also contain helpful information for anyone interested in starting a bottled water business.
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
- MARKET OVERVIEW
- BUSINESS DESCRIPTION
- PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
- MARKETING STRATEGY
- OPERATING PLAN
- MANAGEMENT AND STAFFING
- FUNDS NEEDED AND THEIR USES
- FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Demand for bottled drinking water has been growing rapidly since the 1980s, increasing nearly 400% in the last decade according to the Council of Bottled Water Manufacturers, as a result of declining consumer confidence in the safety and quality of municipal water supplies.
Bottled Drinking Water
To take advantage of this expanding market for drinking water, Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water has been established to provide home and office delivery of bottled water to the Wichita area. After months of extensive industry and market research, the company has developed a solid business plan to enter the market for bottled water.
Sparkling Horizon will generate revenue as a result of the rental and sale of water coolers, as well as for the delivery of the three types of water:pure spring water, distilled drinking water, and purified drinking water in 5-gallon bottles.
Chantal Fuzet is the owner and president of Sparkling Horizon, bringing years of experience in water bottling and delivery to the company. Her family has operated a thriving bottled water business in Paris for over 15 years, which she helped to run.
The company has applied for certification as a woman-owned business, which is in progress.
Two key managers have been retained to assist in the operation and expansion of the company: Jean Polsky will serve as the company's Operations Manager, and Robert Blanc will be the Route Driver, an extremely important position as the primary customer contact. In addition, two commission sales associates will be hired to secure new customers.
Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water will be bottled by Rue Bottling of Decatur, Illinois, who will fill the 5-gallon bottles and store them until they are needed by Sparkling Horizon, as well as accepting empty bottles, cleaning them, and refilling them for reuse.
By using free trials to entice consumers to install their water coolers, Sparkling Horizon will quickly establish a customer base. The free trial offer will be advertised through a variety of media, and will be promoted at trade shows and mall events.
The marketing budget of $25,000 will enable the company to quickly capture a large percent of the potential market. All funding for marketing activities will be generated from the business as earnings from operations, not from start-up capital, and is based on a standard 5% of first-year sales.
|Projected Income Statement||1995||1996||1997||1999||2000|
The market for bottled drinking water has been growing rapidly since the 1980s, increasing nearly 400% in the last decade according to the Council of Bottled Water Manufacturers, as a result of declining consumer confidence in the safety and quality of municipal water supplies. This nationwide trend is also evident in the Greater Wichita area, where Sparkling Horizon intends to operate.
In response, individuals and businesses are purchasing bottled drinking water for use in their homes and offices. Free of contaminants and government-monitored, bottled waters are derived from protected springs or wells or are produced by purifying and processing water from public water supplies. Consumer demand for bottled water is expected to continue to increase, as water supplies worldwide are deemed undrinkable or unhealthy.
According to a survey conducted by E-Works in 1988, more than 60% of consumers questioned about their purchase of bottled waters claimed "taste" was the primary reason for buying bottled water. Other reasons cited were safety and concerns about "too many chemicals in tap water."
The bottled water industry as a whole has been growing at a rate of 12-15% annually since the mid-1980s. Bottled water sales increased 15.8% from February 1993 to February 1994, indicating a market rebound from the single digit growth of the late 1980s. From 1990-1995, demand for home delivery of bottled water is expected to be approximately 10.2%, with commercial distribution growing at a rate of 8.5% per year, according to the Report on World Bottled Water, 1991.
By far, the most popular type of water is non-sparkling water; in 1990 sales of non-sparkling water were $1,489,000,000, according to the Report on World Bottled Water Manufacturing, 1991. Total bottled water sales were $2,222,000,000, including both domestic sparkling and imported drinking waters.
Total sales of bottled water increased by more than 13% from 1989 to 1990, and have doubled in the last five years.
In terms of gallons sold, there were 1,753,300,000 gallons of non-sparkling water sold in the U. S. alone during 1990, with that number increasing to approximately.
Per capita consumption of bottled water in the U.S. is also increasing dramatically, rising from 4.5 gallons per person in 1985 to 8.0 gallons per person just five years later, in 1990.
Approximately 1 out of every 6 households currently consumes non-sparkling bottled water as a source of drinking water. In addition, only 1% of the water being brought into a household is used for drinking; the rest is used for washing, bathing, etc.
Delivery of Water
The Council of Bottled Water Manufacturers divides the distribution channels for bottled water into: retail grocery, commercial delivery, home delivery, restaurant purchase, and vending.
While retail purchase accounts for the largest percentage of bottled water purchases (41.5%), 21.3% of sales are made through commercial delivery of water and 21.4% are through home delivery sales. The percentage of the industry that relies on water deliveries for its water is 42.7%, the largest percentage of all.
In the U.S., the average price for a 5-gallon delivered bottle of water is $5.29. An informal poll of local Wichita distributors showed that the average price in the area was also approximately $5.00 per bottle, which is what Sparkling Horizon intends to charge.
After water and delivery costs of $1.80, each bottle generates $3.49 in profit per unit for the company.
Sparkling Horizon will purchase coolers at a cost of $202.00 and rent them to customers for a fee of $10.00 per month. In just 21 months, each rented cooler will be paid for and generating profit long-term for the company.
The Council of Bottled Water Manufacturers reports that there are approximately 430 bottling facilities in the U.S., producing more than 700 different brand labels.
Following the devastating floods of 1993, water supplies in the Wichita area are still suspect, leading many residents to turn to bottled water for health reasons. However, even before the massive flooding, demand for bottled drinking water was growing.
Because delivered bottled water is relatively inexpensive, virtually any household can afford to have a water cooler in their home.
The cost to rent a cooler is $10 per month, and an average household drinks 20 gallons per month (4-5 bottles), with a total monthly cost of approximately $30.
Size of the Market
The size of the non-sparkling bottled water market for the Wichita area is approximately 16,871,019 gallons per year, assuming a population size of 2,444,099 in the Wichita area (according to the 1990 Census).
The value of the local water market is approximately $13,177,220, as of 1990.
There are currently 13 bottled water distributors listed in the Wichita Yellow Pages, however only 7 companies are actively engaged in home and office delivery of drinking water. The other 6 companies are equipment sales representatives.
The 3 largest competitors are:
- Crystal Water
- Rain Man Water
- Hello! Water
However, these firms, in total, control just 5% of the potential market for bottled water, according to the local Small Business Administration office. In fact, all have stated by phone that they constantly have more orders for coolers and water delivery than they can handle, indicating strong demand for bottled water that has overrun the capacity of companies already in the market.
Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water is a regional distributor of bottled waters for use in conjunction with rented company water coolers.
Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water was established in 1995 as a Kansas corporation. Chantal Fuzet owns 100% of the stock of the company.
The trade name Sparkling Horizon is in the process of being registered, and the product logo is being finalized for imprinting on the bottles.
Spring, distilled, and purified drinking waters will be bottled by a Southern Illinois bottler who will fill the 5-gallon bottles labeled with the Sparkling Horizon logo. The refillable bottles will be collected from customers when empty and returned to the bottler bi-weekly for cleaning and refilling.
Chantal Fuzet has already invested over $15,000 of her personal funds during the last year in order to thoroughly research the U.S. bottled water industry and verify demand within the local Wichita market through attendance at industry conventions and trade shows (which included attendance and travel expenses). Funds have also been invested in association memberships, logo and label creation, and professional consulting fees in order to incorporate, register the trademark, and finalize the company business plan.
Sparkling Horizon offers home and office delivery of drinking waters, as well as water cooler rentals, under the Sparkling Horizon label.
The company offers three types of water in 5 gallon refillable bottles:
Pure spring water
Pure spring water is collected from protected springs and wells and contains no contaminants or additives. Consequently, it is considered to have the best taste of all drinking waters.
Distilled water is produced by vaporizing water and then allowing it to condense, thereby leaving behind any dissolved minerals present in the original water.
Purified Drinking Water
Water is purified by a process of reverse osmosis, where the water is forced under pressure through membranes which remove 90% of the dissolved minerals.
Water is delivered in 5-gallon bottles made of plastic. Sparkling Horizonis the only water company in the Wichita area to offer a special new handle that makes lifting and refilling bottles much easier. Eventually, the company intends to offer smaller 2- and 3-gallon bottles of water.
Water Cooler Rentals
Sparkling Horizon will offer a variety of water coolers for rent to its customer base, including standard floor models or counter top models offering choices of cold water only, hot and cold, or room temperature and cold water dispensing.
Advantages of Water Delivery
While many consumers choose to purchase bottled water at the grocery store in small 1- or 2- gallon bottles, home and office delivery of water is increasing in popularity for several reasons:
Convenience—instead of having to lug heavy, bulky bottles all the way from the grocery store home, delivery personnel bring longer-lasting, 5-gallon bottles right inside homes and offices.
Customer service—if there is ever a problem with the water cooler, Sparkling Horizon arrives quickly to replace it, taking the faulty cooler back to the warehouse for repairs.
Monthly billing—instead of weekly trips to the grocery store, customers receive a single monthly bill based on the quantity of bottles consumed.
Home vs. Office Delivery
Sparkling Horizon anticipates that approximately 50% of its deliveries will be to homes and 50% to offices.
In order to effectively and quickly build its customer base, Sparkling Horizon intends to aggressively promote its free trial program, offering new customers the use of a company cooler for a period of 30 days free of charge and includes two free bottles of water.
In addition, the company will implement a variety of other marketing methods to complement and build on the free trial offer. Since the competition has failed to utilize other marketing methods beyond the free trials, Sparkling Horizon will quickly achieve a competitive advantage.
Through research done by the company, this marketing approach has been found to be extremely effective in enticing consumers to try bottled water and to become used to having a cooler nearby. Once the cooler is in place, the majority of customers find it most convenient to leave it there and order additional bottles of water from the company that provided the cooler.
Sparkling Horizon will contact free trial customers two weeks after the cooler has been placed in their home or office, when the two free bottles of water have most likely been emptied, and offer them an incentive to commit to a cooler rental agreement before the 30-day free trial is actually over. The incentive may involve free bottles of water or a reduced fee for water.
The cost to deliver and place the cooler is minimal, by comparison to the advantage of having a customer essentially locked in to having water delivered by the same company that is renting the cooler to them.
Sparkling Horizon intends to advertise its free trial offers by way of radio ads (secured through cross-promotion deals or barter arrangements), door hangers, and ads in coupon packages. Existing competitors do not currently invest in advertising, leaving the market wide open to Sparkling Horizon.
Post cards offering a 30-day free trial will also be mailed to homes and businesses in selected zip codes within Wichita.
Trade and Consumer Shows
Attendance and exhibits at local home and mall shows is also planned, to keep the Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water name constantly in front of consumers.
The company will also place coolers in public places frequented by health conscious consumers, such as pharmacies and hospitals.
An annual marketing budget of $25,000 has been established for the first year of operation, based on a calculation of 10% of first year sales of $247,928. This funding will be generated from profitable operation of the business and not from the start-up capital.
Sparkling Horizon will quickly establish itself in the Wichita market as a top quality provider of bottled water. The company will do this by emphasizing superior customer service in all aspects of the company operations.
One major component of ensuring that customers are delighted with Sparkling Horizon's products and service, is the appointment of a talented and outgoing route delivery person who is responsible for monitoring customer satisfaction and for pursuing new business. Part sales person and part delivery person, Robert Blanc has been hired for this important role at Sparkling Horizon.
Spring, distilled, and purified drinking waters are bottled by Rue Bottling of Decatur, Illinois, who will fill the 5-gallon bottles labeled with the Sparkling Horizon logo. The plastic, refillable bottles will be collected from customers when empty and returned to the bottler bi-weekly for cleaning and refilling.
Plastic is preferred as the bottle packaging because it is lightweight, unbreakable, and inexpensive to produce and ship.
The company will operate from approximately 2,600 sq. ft. of warehouse space in Wichita county, with a portion of that space being set aside for office space. Sparkling Horizon is currently working with county officials to identify and negotiate the lease on an appropriate site.
It is expected that the route delivery person will make approximately 40 deliveries per day, or 400 per month. One delivery person will be needed at the start and an additional delivery person will be added when the number of monthly deliveries exceeds 1,600, which is anticipated at the end of the fourth month of business.
Through Sparkling Horizon's agreement with Rue Bottling, Rue's product liability insurance will cover any such claims against Sparkling Horizon. Sparkling Horizon will also carry its own insurance, including a $ 1 million umbrella liability policy.
Future Plans For Bottling
Once Sparkling Horizon achieves a customer base of 3,000 or deliveries of 12,000 bottles per month, the company will begin to investigate investing in equipment to bottle water in-house. An investment of approximately $200,000 would be needed in order to purchase the bottling equipment.
MANAGEMENT AND STAFFING
Chantal Fuzet has been involved in the water industry virtually all her life. From an early age, she sold and delivered ice and water to local residents for her family's water business in Paris. This experience familiarized her with all aspects of production, delivery, marketing, accounting, and collections.
Since moving to Wichita, Ms. Fuzet has carefully researched the opportunity to start a similar bottled water business in the area.
In addition to developing a strategy for entering the market by purchasing needed equipment and supplies, Ms. Fuzet has already identified a bottler who will bottle and store water for Sparkling Horizon and has invested personal funds to trademark the name and logo associated with "Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water."
Ms. Fuzet will continue to manage all strategic planning, marketing planning, staffing, and accounting activities for Sparkling Horizon, building on her experience in the bottled water industry.
Her involvement in the Council of Bottled Water Manufacturers will keep her well-informed of market changes and opportunities. As a member of the U.S. Women Business Owners Council, Ms. Fuzet has the opportunity to network with and learn from successful women business owners in the Wichita area and on a national basis.
The Kansas Department of Commerce is in the process of certifying Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water as a woman-owned business.
Ms. Fuzet has secured commitments from two experienced and talented individuals who will be responsible for daily operations and for delivery of the water.
Jean Polsky will assume responsibility for training sales representatives and route delivery personnel, implementing the company's marketing plan, and delivering coolers as needed to new customers. Robert Blanc will become the company's primary route delivery person, serving as the key link between Sparkling Horizon and its customers.
Jean Polsky has counseled small businesses for several years as an independent consultant, on issues related to operations, marketing, and training. Mr. Polsky intends to apply the experience he has gained in his work with clients to Sparkling Horizon. This knowledge of training, marketing, and operations is directly applicable to Ms. Fuzet's new business.
Robert Blanc has worked for several companies during his career, using his knowledge of employee management, operations, and machine repair to succeed in each position. Because of his outgoing personality, talented management style, and interest in working hands-on within a smaller company, Mr. Blanc has been invited to join the Sparkling Horizon management team. His initial responsibilities will consist of cooler delivery and customer interaction in order to build the company's customer base quickly.
Sparkling Horizon will hire two commissioned sales people who will focus on placing new water coolers in offices and homes. In return for each new placement, the sales person will receive an amount equal to the first and last month's rent on the cooler in payment, after the customer has completed the free trial period and has committed to cooler rental. It is expected that sales people should be able to make at least $80-90 per day, based on placing just 4 coolers.
FUNDS NEEDED AND THEIR USES
In order to start and establish Sparkling Horizon Bottled Water as a leading supplier of quality bottled drinking waters, funding is required in the amount of $93,500 and will be utilized as follows:
|Delivery truck down payment||$6,000|
|Purchase of 1,000 bottles||5,800|
|Purchase of 100 coolers||20,200|
|Office and warehouse supplies||1,500|
|Deposits (securities, utilities, licenses, telephone)||14,000|
|Start-up promotional costs||4,000|
|Total Start-up Costs||$64,000|
|Total Funding Needed||$93,500|
|Sources of capital|
|Chantal Fuzet personal investment||15,000|
- Bottle and cooler by month
- Selling price of $5.29 per delivered bottle
- Cooler rental of $10.00 per month
- Cost of sales of $1.80 per delivered bottle
- Payroll expenses assume 1 route driver from January to May and a 2nd driver from the end of May through December
- Payroll taxes: FICA - 7.65%, SUTA -4.00%, FUTA - 0.80%
- Vehicle gas costs of $25 per day per truck
- Vehicle lease costs assume a $20,500 van financed at 9% for a 5 year term, with a $6,000 down payment
- Loan of $78,500 financed at 9% for 7 years
|Projected Balance Sheet|
|Other Short-term Assets||0||0||0|
|Property, Plant & Equipment||25,000||27,500||30,000||32,500||35,000|
|Liabilities and Owner's Equity|
|Other Short-term Liabilities||0||0||0||0||0|
|Projected Income Statement|
|Cost of Goods Sold||95,760||105,336||115,870||127,455||140,003|
|Car and truck expenses||13,000||14,500||16,000||18,000||20,000|
|Legal and professional services||1,000||1,150||1,300||1,450||1,600|
|Net Profit Before Taxes||55,918||115,281||176,743||210,526||247,456|
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK SEE NEXT PAGE FOR THE PROJECTED CASH FLOW FOR YEAR ONE.
|Projected Cash Flow For Year One|
|Cash On Hand||15,000||42,140||54,780||67,420||80,059||92,699|
|Cost of Goods Sold||7,980||7,980||7,980||7,980||7,980||7,980|
|Car and truck expenses||1,083||1,083||1,083||1,083||1,083||1,083|
|Legal and professional services||83||83||83||83||83||83|
|Cash at End of Period||42,140||54,780||67,420||80,059||92,699||105,339|
|Projected Cash Flow For Year Two|
|Cash On Hand||168,538||186,923||205,308||223,692||242,077||260,462|
|Cost of Goods Sold||8,778||8,778||8,778||8,778||8,778||8,778|
|Car and truck expenses||1,208||1,208||1,208||1,208||1,208||1,208|
|Legal and professional services||96||96||96||96||96||96|
|Cash at End of Period||186,923||205,308||223,692||242,077||260,462||278,847|
|Projected Cash Flow For Year Three|
|Cash On Hand||389,155||413,540||437,924||462,308||486,693||511,077|
|Cost of Goods Sold||9,656||9,656||9,656||9,656||9,656||9,656|
|Car and truck expenses||1,333||1,333||1,333||1,333||1,333||1,333|
|Legal and professional services||108||108||108||108||108||108|
|Cash at End of Period||413,540||437,924||462,308||486,693||511,077||535,462|