Real Estate Company Business Plan


BUSINESS PLAN     MSN REAL ESTATE


40001 Lincoln Ave.
Portland, Oregon 97201


MSN Real Estate will be formed as a diversified development, brokerage, and management enterprise. Their apartment units will offer a safe environment and state-of-the-art living conditions reflective of the rapid advancements in technology and a growing need for quality housing. Customer and employee satisfaction will be keys to their success. This business plan was compiled using Business Plan Pro™, by Palo Alto Software, copyright © 2000.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • COMPANY SUMMARY
  • MARKET ANALYSIS SUMMARY
  • STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION SUMMARY
  • MANAGEMENT SUMMARY
  • FINANCIAL PLAN

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

MSN Real Estate will be formed as a diversified development, brokerage, and management enterprise. By being involved in each step of the the way from development to rental, we at MSN can ensure our customers that they are receiving the highest quality living available at that price. We will specialize in providing high quality housing that offers both up-to-date technological amenities as well as state-of-the-art living conditions at reasonable prices. The founders are forming this company in order to provide customers with a living environment that is unparalleled, while cutting expenses through organizational diversification enabling optimal profit margins. MSN's apartment complexes and individual units will foster an atmosphere and a quality of life that is of the highest standards. Customer satisfaction, safety, and an overall healthy working relationship are our main goals at MSN.

Objectives

  1. Sales of $250,000 in 1998 and $600,000 by the year 2000.
  2. Gross margin higher than 50%.
  3. Net income more than 15% of sales by the second year.
  4. Have a crime rate of 0.

Mission

MSN Real Estate provides high-quality, comfortable rental units in Eugene and other areas of Oregon. MSN's apartment units offer state-of-the-art living conditions reflective of the rapid advancements in technology and a growing need for quality housing. Our company is dedicated to a hassle-free living environment in which our tenants can enjoy all of the benefits of safe, attractive, and inviting units. Unlike many other realty companies that are solely concerned with turning profits, our primary objective at MSN is to maintain the highest level of customer satisfaction that is achievable. Tenant safety, happiness, and comfort are our main goals. MSN maintains competitive market prices, while working toward expanding the number of units owned and increasing total profits earned. Within the company we will strive to work as a cohesive, harmonious unit focused on exemplifying our mission. Just as customer satisfaction is an intricate part of MSN's success, so is employee satisfaction. That is why the founders of MSN Real Estate believe that employee satisfaction will make the company a success and will be the key to their longevity.

Initial focus will be to buy and develop existing apartment complexes. We will modify and remodel the acquired real estate so as to meet MSN standards and increase long-term assets and income. Housing units will predominantly be located in the university neighborhood, targeting both students and professionals. MSN fosters the ideals of the importance of tenant needs along with healthy and understanding relationships and a professional commitment to satisfaction.

Keys to Success

  1. Safe, quality housing that provides state-of-the-art amenities at competitive prices.
  2. Maintaining open communication between MSN and its customers in order to ensure the highest level of customer satisfaction and long lasting reputation within the community.
  3. To continue to expand the number of units owned and maintained, while also increasing the level of profits for both MSN and its investors.

COMPANY SUMMARY

MSN Real Estate is an enterprise that is involved in numerous aspects of the industry. Primary experience and expertise is in the development of high-quality, lower cost living for students and professionals seeking the most up-to-date technologically advanced living environment. An area of intense training and attention is the importance of strong customer service.

Company Ownership

MSN Real Estate will be created as a Limited Liability Corporation based out of Portland, Oregon. It will be owned by its principal investors, Shawn Menashe and Nathan Koach. Shawn Menashe is the acting CEO and holds a 40% stake in the company. Nathan Koach is the acting CFO and holds a 40% share of the company as well. The other 20% is held by silent investors.

Start-up Summary

The total start-up expenses (including legal, stationery, architect, brochures, consultants, insurance, rent, R&D, expensed equipment, and other) come to $18,308. Start-up assets required include $12,000 in short-term assets (truck, cell phone, etc.) and $36,000 in initial cash to handle the architect and contractor fees prior to opening. The rest of the cash is needed to pay all zoning fees and governmental regulations. The details are included in the following table.

Start-up Costs

Start-up Expenses
Legal $6,400
Architect fees $3,000
Stationery, etc. $220
Brochures $225
Consultants $2,550
Insurance $1,232
Rent $1,400
Research and development $2,330
Expensed equipment $600
Other $351
Total Start-up Expenses $18,308
Start-up Needed
Cash Requirements $36,000
Other Short-term Assets $12,000
Total Short-term Assets $48,000
Long-term Assets $0
Total Assets $48,000
Total Start-up Requirements $66,308
Left to finance: $0
Start-up Funding Plan
Investment
Menashe $24,650
Koach $26,500
Other $14,000
Total investment $65,150
Short-term Liabilities
Unpaid Expenses $3,890
Short-term Loans $5,000
Interest-free Short-term Loans $0
Subtotal Short-term Liabilities $8,890
Long-term Liabilities $0
Total Liabilities $8,890
Loss at Start-up ($26,040)
Total Capital $39,110
Total Capital and Liabilities $48,000
Checkline $0

Company Locations and Facilities

MSN headquarters will be established in A-quality office space in the downtown area of Portland, Oregon. This will be the heart of our company, with satellite locations in Beaverton and Eugene, Oregon. We are also installing an in-house Internet server and 24-hour answering service so that all customer or business communications are dealt with in an expedient and fluid manner. Within any living development with more than 32 units, a representative of the company will be located.

Services

MSN offers on-site security guards who patrol the grounds during evenings, nights, and early mornings. We also offer an on-site repair service. There will always be an open line of communication between the renters and the management via an MSN web page and a 24-hour, call-in answering service.

Competitive Comparison

MSN's competitive advantage is as follows:

  1. We offer a higher level of quality in our units than the average unit on campus. This allows for those residents who do not want their living situations to inhibit their studies, comfort, or enjoyment of campus life.
  2. Each unit will be fully wired to the Internet via available modem jacks and/or Ethernet access. If the residents desire to have the best Internet access, we will give them that option.
  3. Our marketing and advertising costs will be low due to simple marketing strategies. However, the owner's expertise in visual layout and communications will help create a unique and aesthetic product for the customer.
  4. The main competition MSN will encounter will be average lower cost apartment units.

Sales Literature

MSN will have brochures available at all offices. These will give the customer a general outline of our units and will explain the benefits of our units. We will also have a monthly newsletter that we send out to our clients. This newsletter will inform the clients as to the growth and outreach of MSN. It will also contain some human interest stories about our complexes and the residents.

We will also advertise in the local newspapers including The Daily Emerald, The Register Guard, and The Oregonian. Our marketing strategies are simple but aim to reach a large amount of people. The layout of our publications and advertisements will have a sophisticated and contemporary look without being overly formatted.

Fulfillment

  1. MSN's key fulfillment will be provided by management's dedication to a higher quality product. This is achieved through the solid network of contractors, and cutting-edge architects who are all dedicated to helping MSN. We are hard workers who have a solid backing from our developers.
  2. We will maintain a pool of professionals from which to pull for our needed services. This will help us develop a rapport with our contractors as well as maintaining our high expectations.

Technology

MSN Real Estate will have the most up-to-date technology provided both to the customers and to the subcontractors and other clients.

  1. Ethernet ports and/or modem jacks will be installed in each unit developed by MSN.
  2. Access to a 24-hour copy/fax center located on the premises.
  3. Each unit will contain an emergency panic alert that will automatically go through to the manager and the local police department.

Future Services

In the future, MSN will look to give each department within the company the opportunity to become a more independent entity. This will make expansion efforts more efficient, and will provide specialists in their departments the chance to become more focused in their field.

We are in the process of conducting surveys in order to determine the best possible markets for MSN expansion.

MARKET ANALYSIS SUMMARY

MSN Real Estate's main consumer base will be primarily students at the University of Oregon who will benefit from the apartment's unparalleled level of quality, location, and technological amenities. We also will be marketing to local area professionals and recent graduates, along with faculty and staff at the university. These customers will be looking for safe, high-quality environments that can foster the type of atmosphere needed for scholastic and professional success.

Potential Customers Growth 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 CAGR
Students 7% 18,000 19,170 20,416 21,743 23,156 6.50%
Professionals 4% 12,000 12,480 12,979 13,498 14,038 4.00%
Faculty/Staff 5% 6,000 6,300 6,615 6,946 7,293 5.00%
Other 3% 4,000 4,120 4,244 4,371 4,502 3.00%
Total 5.20% 40,000 42,070 44,254 46,558 48,989 5.20%

Market Segmentation

  1. MSN's largest market segment in the Eugene area will be students of the local universities. These students will be the most likely to desire the technological amenities that our company offers. We expect this to be the largest growing segment with a growth rate of about 7%.
  2. Local professionals are another large segment. They will be attracted to the units because of the same technological needs, but will also be attracted to the comfortable, well-maintained living environment. MSN offers units that provide a quality "hub" between college graduation and home ownership. We expect this segment to grow at a rate of about 4% with a more frequent turnover.
  3. Local university faculty and staff represent the third and smallest identifiable segment, but contain the second highest growth rate. Proximity and quality will entice this segment which we expect to grow at a rate of 5%.

Target Market Segment Strategy

We believe that our unparalleled level of quality and technological amenities put MSN into a niche of its own. This will be the focal point of all our marketing and advertising efforts. These segments are also easily reached through local newspapers and publications, as well frequent open house displays.

It is essential for MSN patrons to understand that their needs are our priority.

Market Needs

Each of our targets need the quality, convenience, service, safety, comfort, and technological amenities that can only be found at our living complexes.

  1. The student segment needs a quiet, safe atmosphere that fosters a quality learning environment. They also need the convenience of location and on-site amenities.
  2. The professional segment needs a living environment that separates them from the noisy, dirty inconvenience of average apartment living. Most professionals are on their way to home ownership or movement to a larger city, so they need housing that will let them feel like they are getting the quality that they need.
  3. The faculty/staff segment also has similar needs. They need to feel separation from the noise and unkempt conditions of most near-campus housing. Along with the students, they also need a place to feel safe and one that fosters convenience.

Market Trends

This industry is constantly evolving and leaving many inflexible companies stagnant. One of the major trends is the need to adapt to technological advancements as well as maintaining the overall appearance and condition of the complexes.

Another important trend is adapting to higher density housing in smaller areas due to urban growth boundaries, etc. MSN is dedicated to following these trends while maintaining the level of comfortable livability that sets us apart from our competitors.

Market Growth

The market for high quality, reasonably priced apartment units has been growing at a rate of6.7% since 1998. Oregon's rental rates have remained even, averaging $697, or $.79 per square foot, during the fourth quarter of 1998. The Oregon market is experiencing rapid employment growth that is fueling demand for apartments, but not many new units are emerging. Not only is MSN pioneering this particular niche of affordable quality living, but it is capitalizing on the strength of the current economic growth in Oregon.

STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION SUMMARY

MSN will focus on the three previously mentioned market segments: university students, local area professionals, and university faculty and staff.

Our target customer is usually looking for higher-end living facilities that foster a safe, enjoyable, and convenient environment. They are technology savvy and have a desire to have access to the technological amenities that we provide.

Competitive Edge

We start with a critical competitive edge: there are very few apartment units that offer the same level of quality and technological amenities as MSN properties. We also have a very high regard for customer service; something that is unparalleled in this industry. MSN believes it is essential that the customer feels he/she is being treated with the utmost care and urgency. All staff and personnel go through a training program that teaches many of the skills needed for successful client relations and customer service.

Marketing Strategy

Marketing in a highly competitive housing industry depends on the recognition of excellence, as well as a point of difference to display our units in an individualized light. MSN will build a reputation upon these components.

We will develop and provide a living environment of unmatched proportion. It starts with the commitment to customer satisfaction and fulfilling their demands. Our commitment to quality and comfort includes safety and 24-hour customer service. The aspect of our living developments that differentiate MSN from all other real estate companies is our focus on maintaining the most advanced technological innovations on the market for our tenants.

Positioning Statement

For people who desire high-quality living with all the technological amenities available, only MSN Real Estate properties will be able to fulfill their needs and desires at an affordable price. Unlike most other property management companies, MSN is committed to guaranteeing customers full satisfaction, with 24-hour on-staff service, live answering service, and a web site that handles all complaints instantly.

Pricing Strategy

MSN's pricing will be at the top of what the market will bear. We are competing with large firms who have similar complexes. Our prices will be competitive with these larger firms while maintaining the high level of quality and expert management.

Prices are based on average unit value of $400 and average monthly sales of about $430,000. MSN, however, must try to follow market pricing trends in order to maintain a competitive advantage.

Promotion Strategy

MSN's most successful promotion will come in the form of word of mouth. Since we will own real estate, we will be highly visible to the public. Since our complexes will be in the upper echelon of quality and livability, word will spread through the community about our unique appeal.

Along with word of mouth, our most consistent form of promotion will come from ads in local publications, specifically, The Oregonian, The Daily Emerald, and The Register Guard, as well as smaller magazines and circulars. We also will be personally promoting our product within the community.

Distribution Strategy

We will focus on providing high-quality living in convenient locations with a wide customer base. It is also important that we remain at the upper echelon in the quality range when compared to competitors. We can only do this by organizing and implementing a sound plan that will assume responsibility for the functionality and appearance of MSN properties. We will have an updated web site for anyone interested in the properties.

Marketing Programs

Our most important marketing program is customer word-of-mouth. The only way to truly know the quality of our units is through experience; hence, we must maintain the highest level of customer satisfaction. Rewards will be given to clients or customers that refer new clientele to the company. We confidently believe that the high level of quality that MSN will provide can attract a strong demand for our units.

Another incentive that we will use is the early move-in bonus program. Anyone that signs their lease before June 15th will receive a free month as well as two parking spaces. This will encourage people to try and beat the rush of people who move in later. It will also give the appearance of increased demand.

Sales Strategy

Sales in our business is based upon providing customers with a living concept fitting of their needs. We must be in touch with the needs and desires of our clientele in order to best attract a consistent flow of incoming residents.

Sales Forecast

The following table gives the forecasted earnings for MSN Real Estate apartment rental units. We perceive a gradual increase in the total number of units over the next year. As time goes on, the monthly per-unit rental price will slowly ascend, coupled by the decline in cost over time, producing an increased per-unit profit.

From our opening in January to June, we expect that all units will be completely rented out. In the summer months we anticipate fewer student tenants, so we have planned on a rent lowering process to entice renters to stay. Also, we will only rent on yearly leases to ensure that all rented units remain filled year round. With the estimated profits from the previous months, the annex will be completed in September, adding 12 more units to the total of 54.

Unit Sales 1999 2000 2001
Single units 311 350 394
Double units 174 212 242
Quad units 129 154 168
Luxury Suite 29 54 60
Other 0 0 0
Total Unit Sales 643 770 864
Unit Prices
Single units $404.98 $410.00 $420.00
Double units $806.78 $804.00 $812.00
Quad units $1,174.42 $1,200.00 $1,220.00
Luxury Suite $674.14 $689.00 $699.00
Other $0.00 $0.00 $0.00
Sales
Single units $125,950 $143,500 $165,480
Double units $140,380 $170,448 $196,504
Quad units $151,500 $184,800 $204,960
Luxury Suite $19,550 $37,206 $41,940
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Sales $437,380 $535,954 $608,884
Direct Unit Costs
Single units $260.00 $225.00 $214.00
Double units $428.00 $400.00 $378.00
Quad units $511.00 $498.00 $478.00
Luxury Suite $302.00 $287.00 $284.00
Other $0.00 $0.00 $0.00
Direct Cost of Sales 1999 2000 2001
Single units $80,860 $78,750 $84,316
Double units $74,472 $84,800 $91,476
Quad units $65,919 $76,692 $80,304
Luxury Suite $8,758 $15,498 $17,040
Other $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $230,009 $255,740 $273,136

Sales Programs

Our sale program will include sales awards for length of lease agreements, maintaining a full capacity status, and customer service awards for those who best exemplify MSN's commitment to customers. We also will award existing customers for referring new clients to the company.

Strategic Alliances

We depend on our alliance with Rumex contracting services to develop our housing units, as well as Richards Architecture to assist in the layout and design of our units. Familian Northwest also is a key factor in our development process for their continuous fair sales program when we need building supplies.

Milestones

The accompanying table lists our company's milestones, including dates, management responsibility, and budgets. This table indicates our expectations from the company as well as outlining our plan for start-up. The table shows the anticipated divisions that are to occur within the company as it grows, as well as an increase in units owned.

This is an initial assessment, and MSN will continually adjust in order to sustain our business in all the different departments.

Milestone Manager Planned Date Department Budget
Complete Incorporation Shawn Menashe (CEO) 7/30/98 Administrative/Management $12,000
Financially Organized Institution Nathan Koach (CFO) 2/28/00 Finance $2,500
Brokerage Unified Joe Menashe 4/00/00 Brokerage $10,000
Expansion (UNITS) Shawn Menashe 4/24/99 Development $150,000
Earnings ($200,000) Nathan Koach 12/31/99 Finance $1,000
Acquisition (Bought C&R Reality) Shawn Menashe 7/30/99 Brokerage $500,000
Other MSN 1/1/98 Administration $5,000
Totals $680,500

MANAGEMENT SUMMARY

The initial management team depends on the founders themselves, with back-up assistance from the property management department of MSN Real Estate. As we continue to grow, we will establish satellite offices in all of our living developments. It also will be necessary to take on additional help in the marketing and R&D sectors as growth continues.

Organizational Structure

MSN Real Estate depends on an organized division of responsibilities in order to run an efficient, diversified enterprise. Main decisions and responsibilities will be divided between the two top partners. They will focus on maintaining high quality and a cohesive business entity. Top division managers will be given specific responsibilities such as marketing, finance, strategic management, or research and development.

Management Team

MSN Real Estate is completely departmentalized. The main departments are finance, marketing, management, and research and development. Nate Koach, co-owner of the company, assumes the responsibilities of the CFO, while his counterpart, Shawn Menashe, will be responsible for the duties of CEO. The company will make all decisions in accordance with the company mission. Employees are delegated tasks based upon their specialty.

Every six months, the two top partners will assess the results of these tasks, and the personality of the employee involved, to determine promotion and/or salary issues.

Management Team Gaps

The present team requires business development and administrative support. Most of the partners have been working in business environments where this kind of support was provided to them as part of a larger organization.

MSN will turn to Dynamic Public Relations to help create business development programs, such as speaking opportunities and magazine article insertions, as well as forums and seminars that are important to our ongoing development.

Regarding administration, we need a strong finance manager to guard cash flow. Our partners are not accustomed to the worries of cash flow, but they have the sense to listen to reason and deal with constraints if the finance manager provides the proper information.

Personnel Plan

The following table summarizes our personnel expenditures for the first three years, with compensation increasing from less than $100K the first year to about $150K in the third. The founding partners will take limited compensation for the first three years until earnings are substantiated and growth is assured. We believe this plan is a compromise between fairness and expedience and meets the commitment of our mission statement.

Personnel 1999 2000 2001
Nathan Koach, CFO $15,600 $20,000 $25,000
Shawn Menashe, CEO $15,600 $20,000 $25,000
Denise Richards (Administrative Manager) $9,600 $10,000 $12,000
Joe Nash (Brokerage Manager) $11,700 $14,000 $17,000
Head Contractor (Development Manager) $14,100 $15,000 $17,000
Other $24,000 $26,000 $32,000
Total Payroll $90,600 $105,000 $128,000
Total Headcount 18 24 32
Payroll Burden $13,590 $15,750 $19,200
Total Payroll Expenditures $104,190 $120,750 $147,200

FINANCIAL PLAN

We want to finance growth mainly through cash flow. We recognize that this means we will have to grow more slowly than we might like.

The most important factor in our case is collection days. We can't push our clients hard on collection days. Therefore, we need to develop a permanent system of receivables financing, using one of the established financial companies in that business.

Important Assumptions

MSN's plan depends on the assumptions that are made in the following table. These are annual and monthly assumptions that show the consistent growth of the company. Since we operate on a monthly collection basis, we are assuming that the majority of the collections will be timely and in full.

Some of the underlying assumptions are:

  1. We assume a healthy growth trend in the local real estate market, along with a continued strong local economy.
  2. We assume that we stay in line with the continuing advances in technology and housing.
General Assumptions 1999 2000 2001
Short-term Interest Rate % 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate % 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Payment Days Estimator 30 30 30
Tax Rate % 25.00% 25.00% 25.00%
Expenses in Cash % 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Personnel Burden % 15.00% 15.00% 15.00%

Key Financial Indicators

MSN foresees growth in both unit rentals as well as increasing the percentage of growth margin.

MSN's cash flow depends on the monthly collection from the renters. We allow for a 25-day grace period, after which unpaid accounts will inhibit our cash flow. However, since we collect on a monthly basis, cash flow should be maintained at a steady level.

Break-even Analysis

The following table summarize our break-even analysis. With fixed costs of $8,000 per month and a variable per-unit cost of $350, we will need to rent out 14 units at $925 per unit, to cover our monthly costs. MSN's housing complex will consist of 34 units. According to the calculations, we will break-even within our first month of operation.

The break-even assumes that all units will be occupied and that all rent will be paid in a timely manner. This assumption is probably unrealistic; therefore our initial break-even per unit will most likely be higher.

Monthly Units Break-even 14
Monthly Sales Break-even $12,870
Assumptions:
Average Per-Unit Revenue $925.00
Average Per-Unit Variable Cost $350.00
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $8,000

Projected Profit and Loss

The projected profit and loss for MSN is shown on the following table. Sales are increasing from about $440,000 in 1999 to over $600,000 after the third year. We show that net profit in 1999 will be $44,621. This is relatively high, but leaves room for possible unoccupied units.

We are projecting a gross margin of about 48% for the first year. This is an aggressive projection that will help our efforts to keep total cost of sales low while increasing gross margin. We also will have very low marketing costs, due to the public exposure to the units, and good word of mouth around the university area.

The planned projections are included in the attached Profit and Loss Table.

Profit and Loss

1999 2000 2001
Sales $437,380 $535,954 $608,884
Direct Cost of Sales $230,009 $255,740 $273,136
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $230,009 $255,740 $273,136
Gross Margin $207,371 $280,214 $335,748
Gross Margin % 47.41% 52.28% 55.14%
Operating expenses:
Advertising/Promotion $2,700 $3,000 $3,500
Travel $0 $0 $0
Miscellaneous $1,800 $2,000 $2,200
Payroll Expense $90,600 $105,000 $128,000
Payroll Burden $13,590 $15,750 $19,200
Depreciation $1,800 $1,800 $1,800
Leased Equipment $2,400 $2,600 $2,800
Utilities $7,200 $8,200 $8,500
Insurance $14,400 $15,500 $1,600
Rent $3,000 $4,000 $5,000
Contractors $9,300 $9,000 $12,000
Total Operating Expenses $146,790 $166,850 $184,600
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $60,581 $113,364 $151,148
Interest Expense Short-term $1,011 $2,090 $3,440
Interest Expenses Long-term $75 $700 $1,075
Taxes Incurred $14,874 $27,644 $36,658
Net Profit $44,621 $82,931 $109,975
Net Profit/Sales 10.20% 15.47% 18.06%

Projected Cash Flow

The following cash flow projections are a key part of MSN's early success. The annual cash flow figures are included here.

1999 2000 2001
Net Profit $44,621 $82,931 $109,975
Plus:
Depreciation $1,800 $1,800 $1,800
Change in Accounts Payable $22,266 $2,805 $834
Current Borrowing (repayment) $8,400 $15,000 $12,000
Increase (decrease) Other Liabilities $1,152 $2,500 $2,000
Long-term Borrowing (repayment) $4,500 $5,000 $2,500
Capital Input $5,862 $6,000 $4,000
Subtotal $88,602 $116,035 $133,109
Less:
Change in Other Short-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Capital Expenditure $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal $0 $0 $0
Net Cash Flow $88,602 $116,035 $133,109
Cash Balance $124,602 $240,637 $373,746

Projected Balance Sheet

The balance sheet in the following table shows managed but sufficient growth of net worth, and a sufficiently healthy financial position. The monthly estimates are a good indicator of MSN's increasing annual value.

Assets
Short-term Assets Starting Balances 1999 2000 2001
Cash $36,000 $124,602 $240,637 $373,746
Other Short-term Assets $12,000 $12,000 $12,000 $12,000
Total Short-term Assets $48,000 $136,602 $252,637 $385,746
Long-term Assets
Capital Assets $0 $0 $0 $0
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $1,800 $3,600 $5,400
Total Long-term Assets $0 ($1,800) ($3,600) ($5,400)
Total Assets $48,000 $134,802 $249,037 $380,346
Liabilities and Capital
Accounts Payable $3,890 $26,156 $28,961 $29,795
Short-term Notes $5,000 $13,400 $28,400 $40,400
Other Short-term Liabilities $0 $1,152 $3,652 $5,652
Subtotal Short-term Liabilities $8,890 $40,708 $61,013 $75,847
Long-term Liablities $0 $4,500 $9,500 $12,000
Total Liabilities $8,890 $45,208 $70,513 $87,847
Paid in Capital $65,150 $71,012 $77,012 $81,012
Retained Earnings ($26,040) ($26,040) $18,581 $101,512
Earnings $0 $44,621 $82,931 $109,975
Total Capital $39,110 $89,593 $178,524 $292,499
Total Liabilities and Capital $48,000 $134,802 $249,037 $380,346
Net Worth $39,110 $89,593 $178,524 $292,499

Business Ratios

The following ratios point out MSN's liquidity, debt, performance, and some other important aspects. We expect to generate healthy ratios for our profitability and return.

Profitability Ratios: 1999 2000 2001 RMA
Gross Margin 47.41% 52.28% 55.14% 0
Net Profit Margin 10.20% 15.47% 18.06% 0
Return on Assets 33.10% 33.30% 28.91% 0
Return on Equity 49.80% 46.45% 37.60% 0
Activity Ratios
AR Turnover 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
Collection Days 0 0 0 0
Inventory Turnover 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
Accts Payable Turnover 9.38 9.38 9.38 0
Total Asset Turnover 3.24 2.15 1.60 0
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 0.50 0.39 0.30 0
Short-term Liab. to Liab. 0.90 0.87 0.86 0
Liquidity Ratios 1999 2000 2001 RMA
Current Ratio 3.36 4.14 5.09 0
Quick Ratio 3.36 4.14 5.09 0
Net Working Capital $95,893 $191,624 $309,899 0
Interest Coverage 55.79 40.63 33.48 0
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.31 0.46 0.62 0
Debt/Assets 34% 28% 23% 0
Current Debt/Total Assets 30% 24% 20% 0
Acid Test 3.36 4.14 5.09 0
Asset Turnover 3.24 2.15 1.60 0
Sales/Net Worth 4.88 3.00 2.08 0
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